7 common types of inflammatory arthritis
1. Rheumatoid arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis is by far the most common type of inflammatory arthritis, affecting approximately 1 to 2 million people in the United States alone. In those with rheumatoid arthritis, the Mayo Clinic says that the immune system "attacks the lining of the joint capsule," called the synovial membrane.
As the synovial membrane is attacked, the source says it "swells and swells", causing the pain and discomfort associated with the condition. Over time, the cartilage and bone within the joint can be permanently damaged. This most commonly occurs in the hands, wrists and feet.
2. Ankylosing spondylitis
Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of inflammatory arthritis that mainly affects the joints of the spine, causing pain and stiffness in areas such as the lower back, buttocks and hips. According to the Arthritis Foundation, these symptoms tend to develop "slowly over several weeks or months."
Arthritis Research UK adds that ankylosing spondylitis can also affect other areas of the body, causing pain in the chest, inflammation of the eyes or intestines, as well as fatigue. Although the condition can affect anyone, the source says it most often affects men in their teens or 20s, particularly if they have a gene called HLA-B27.
3. Psoriatic arthritis
Approximately 30 percent of people with psoriasis, a condition that causes itching and peeling skin, will also develop psoriatic arthritis. The symptoms of this type of inflammatory arthritis usually include painful, swollen or stiff joints, particularly in the ankles, knees, fingers or toes or lower back.
Swollen toes and fingers are also common and are caused by inflammation in the joints and tendons. Other features of the disorder include pain in the ligaments or tendons, discoloration and thickening of the nails, as well as fatigue.
4. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis
Approximately 300,000 children in the United States have some type of arthritis, of which juvenile idiopathic arthritis is the most common. According to KidsHealth.org, onset usually occurs between the ages of 6 months and 16 years, and the initial symptoms often include "joint pain or swelling or warm joints."
Although there is currently no cure for the seven different types of juvenile idiopathic arthritis, the Arthritis Foundation says that with early diagnosis and aggressive treatment, remission is possible.
5. Systemic lupus erythematosus
Inflammatory arthritis is one of the most common symptoms that develop in people with lupus, an autoimmune disease that Healthline.com says "can affect your joints and many types of connective tissue in your body." The source adds that the condition can also cause joint damage. the skin, the lungs, the kidneys, the brain and other organs.
Other symptoms commonly associated with systemic lupus erythematosus include joint pain, a butterfly-like rash on the face, hair loss, difficulty breathing, and blood disorders such as anemia, leukopenia (low white blood cell count), and thrombosis (blood clots). ).
Gout, caused by the accumulation of urate crystals in the joints, affects an estimated 3.9 percent of American adults. The risk of a person developing this type of inflammatory arthritis is affected by factors such as age, diet, alcohol consumption and whether or not it is his family.
An incredibly painful condition, Healthline.com says that the symptoms of gout can include "redness, swelling and severe pain in the toes, feet, ankles, knees, hands or wrists", although a joint in the big toe it is affected more frequently.
7. Infectious or reactive arthritis
The term & # 39; infectious arthritis & # 39; it refers to several different conditions that are caused by bacterial or viral infections. According to Arthritis-Health.com, these conditions include "rheumatic fever, Lyme disease, fungal arthritis, fifth disease, tuberculous arthritis, gonococcal arthritis, Cogan syndrome, Pott's disease, spirochetal arthritis and Sydenham's chorea, among others." In addition to joint pain and swelling, infectious arthritis often includes symptoms such as fever and chills.
Reactive arthritis, on the other hand, often occurs when "an infection in one part of your body causes inflammation in one joint in another part of your body," says Healthline.com. The source adds that the infection tends to begin "in the bladder or sexual organs."
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