Knee Pain Back
Pain in the knee
What is bursitis of the knee?
Symptoms Of Knee Bursitis
What causes knee bursitis?
Baker's cyst pain behind the knee
Pain in the area toward the back of the knee can occur for a number of reasons, but one of the most common is a form of bursitis known as Baker's cyst. The condition is named after the surgeon who first diagnosed him near the end of the 19th century, William Morrant Baker.
As you can see in the image on the left, there is a gelatin bag, or sack, in the area behind the knee joint. This bag is one of many that surround the joints of the human body. Each one is called bursa. Its function is to help the joints move smoothly. When one or more of these become irritated or inflamed, it is called bursitis. When this particular bag behind the knee, known as the popliteal bursa bag, becomes inflamed, it is known as a Baker's cyst.
Inflammation and discomfort can also be caused by problems in the knee, such as arthritis or broken cartilage.
You may have a Baker cyst without knowing it: sometimes it is small and there are no symptoms. But when the symptoms appear, you are likely to experience
* Pain and discomfort in the back of the knee.
* Swelling or bulging behind the knee, and sometimes in the affected leg.
* Reduced flexibility in the knee.
Symptoms sometimes appear worse after activity, or after being on your feet for a long time.
Sometimes no treatment is necessary. But if the cyst is large enough or causes severe pain, treatment may include the following.
* Medicines designed to reduce inflammation. This can relieve pain, but it does not always prevent recurrence of the cyst.
* Drain excess fluid with a needle.
* Physiotherapy including range of motion and strengthening exercises.
* Icing, a compression wrap and crutches can help reduce pain and swelling.
* Surgery is generally not needed unless it is necessary to treat an underlying cause such as broken cartilage.
I hope this video has been helpful, but remember, you should only rely on a medical professional to diagnose any problems or concerns about your health.
I have produced a number of other YouTube videos related to knee problems. You can click on the links above to see them.
Video credits to WS Westwood YouTube channel