Find out how to cure gout quickly and 4 drops of myths that you still believe are true.
What is gout?
Gout is a type of arthritis. It can cause a sudden burning attack, stiffness and swelling in a joint, usually a big toe. These attacks can happen again and again unless the gout is treated. Over time, they can damage your joints, tendons and other tissues. Gout is more common in men.
What causes gout?
Gout is caused by too much uric acid in the blood. Most of the time, having too much uric acid is not harmful. Many people with high blood levels never have gout. But when the levels of uric acid in your blood are too high, uric acid can form hard crystals in your joints.
Your chances of getting gout are greater if you are overweight, drink too much alcohol, or eat too much meat and fish with a high content of chemicals called purines. Some medications, such as water pills (diuretics), can also cause gout.
Causes, symptoms and treatments of gout
What are the symptoms?
The most common sign of gout is a nighttime attack of swelling, tenderness, redness and sharp pain in the big toe. You may also have gout attacks on your foot, ankle or knees or other joints. The attacks may last a few days or several weeks before the pain disappears. Another attack may not happen for months or years.
Consult your doctor even if your gout pain is gone. The buildup of uric acid that triggered your gout attack can still damage your joints.
How is gout diagnosed?
Your doctor will ask you about your symptoms and perform a physical exam. Your doctor may also take a sample of fluid from your joint to look for uric acid crystals. This is the best way to evaluate gout. Your doctor may also do a blood test to measure the amount of uric acid in your blood.
How is it treated?
To stop a gout attack, your doctor may give you a corticosteroid injection or a large daily dose of one or more medications. Doses will be reduced as symptoms disappear. The relief of a gout attack often begins within 24 hours if you start treatment immediately.
To relieve pain during a gout attack, rest the joint that hurts. Taking ibuprofen or another anti-inflammatory medicine can also help you feel better. But do not take aspirin. It can worsen gout by increasing the level of uric acid in the blood.
To prevent future attacks, your doctor may prescribe a medication to reduce the accumulation of uric acid in your blood.
Paying attention to what you eat can help you control your gout. Eat moderate amounts of a healthy mix of foods to control your weight and get the nutrients you need. Limit the daily intake of meat, seafood and alcohol (especially beer). Drink plenty of water and other fluids.
Gout is characterized by sudden and severe attacks of pain, redness and tenderness in the joints, often the joint at the base of the big toe.
Gout, a complex form of arthritis, can affect anyone. Men are more likely to have gout, but women are increasingly susceptible to gout after menopause.
A gout attack can happen suddenly, often waking up in the middle of the night with the feeling that your big toe is on fire. The affected joint is hot, swollen and so sensitive that even the weight of the blade may seem intolerable.
Fortunately, gout is treatable, and there are ways to reduce the risk of gout recurrence.
The signs and symptoms of gout almost always occur suddenly, often at night, and without warning. They include:
Intense joint pain Gout usually affects the large joint of the big toe, but it can occur in the feet, ankles, knees, hands and wrists. The pain is likely to be more intense within the first four to 12 hours after it begins.
Persistent discomfort After the most severe pain subsides, some joint discomfort may last from a few days to a few weeks. It is likely that subsequent attacks last longer and affect more joints.
Inflammation and redness. The affected joint or joints swell, are tender, hot and red.
Limited range of motion. Decreased joint mobility can occur as the gout progresses.
When to see a doctor
If you experience sudden and severe pain in a joint, call your doctor. Untreated gout can cause worsening pain and joint damage.
Seek medical attention immediately if you have a fever and a joint is hot and swollen, which can be a sign of infection.
Are there treatments and home remedies for gout?
When gout is mild, infrequent and uncomplicated, it can be treated with changes in diet and lifestyle. However, studies have shown that even the most rigorous diet does not reduce serum uric acid enough to control severe gout, and therefore, medications are generally necessary. When attacks are frequent, renal stones of uric acid have been produced, there is presence of tophi or there is evidence of joint damage due to gout attacks, medications are generally used to decrease the level of uric acid in the blood.
Video credits to Eric Sminia YouTube channel