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Canine arthritis or degenerative arthritis is inflammation of the joints of dogs, an affliction that they accuse with age, as cartilages wear out, but that can also affect younger dogs. The causes are several: from a blow to an infection.
In some animals, the disease has an autoimmune origin and there are those who develop it due to their genetic inheritance. There are also canids that suffer as a result of an inadequate diet or a digestive disease (dyspepsia).
How to detect canine osteoarthritis
There are a number of symptoms that can show that our dog suffers from arthritis. They are the following:
Reduced movements As we have noticed, arthritis reduces the mobility of dogs. Therefore, if a dog suffers arthrosis we will see that the animal has problems to move with agility, that its movements are slow and rigid, that it has difficulty to lie down or get out of bed, jump, run and even climb stairs.
Pain. The inflammation of the joints causes pain in the dog. In addition, it can affect the nerves because in some cases there are protuberances in the extremities that press on your nervous system.
Deformity or atrophy As in humans, osteoarthritis can also cause deformity and atrophy in the extremities.
Apathy, sadness The limitation of mobility causes our animal to show an apathetic, sad and boring state.
Limp. As the disease progresses, in addition to bumps and deformities, the dog may suffer from lameness.
Significant weight loss Arthritis often reduces appetite, so many dogs that suffer from this disease do not eat or eat little, which affects their weight, which decreases considerably.
Cracking of the joints. In some cases, the movement may be accompanied by noises or creaks due to the friction that occurs in the joints.
How to treat canine arthritis?
If we notice that our animal can suffer from this disease, it is better that we take it to the veterinarian to confirm the condition and inform us about the best treatment. This professional will recommend the taking of anti-inflammatories and analgesics to combat the moments of pain or inflammation.
Also, advise a proper diet to promote the regeneration of cartilage, especially in those cases where obesity or digestive problems are behind osteoarthritis.
Apply heat is another of the remedies that the vet will give us, especially in cold seasons or on rainy days, which is when the dogs hurt most.
Of course, he will recommend that the animal be at rest and have a comfortable space where he can rest.
Finally, the specialist can evaluate the use of vitamins, nutritional supplements or corticosteroids to stop joint wear.
If these treatments do not improve the disease or if it is very serious, the veterinarian may recommend surgery. In any case, it will be he who evaluates if necessary and will dictate the rules to follow during the moments before and after the intervention.
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Video credits to Veterinary Network YouTube channel